Fly fishing is a type of fishing without a float and sinker using artificial or alive insects. They cast bait with fishing hook so that it hits the water surface or sinks at a small depth. The fish attracted by an insect and its movements approaches the bait and tries to catch it.

Fly fishing is quite common in the United States and carried out both under conventional fishing conditions and in remote places for spinning or float rod fishing, where there is swift river flow. Using this method, you can catch almost all fish species with the exception of bottom-dwelling, such as aterlet, tench, etc. You can also catch predatory fish on special bait: perch, pike-perch, and pike. Such method of fishing is lively, mobile, and sometimes very high-performance one.


For traditional worm fishing, one can use any line and rod, but for fly fishing the choice of tackle must meet specific requirements. Not each rod may be suitable for fly fishing, the line must have special qualities.

Many people can not or do not like to walk constantly. This type of fishing requires dexterity, prudence, ability to be inconspicuous for the fish that swim near the water surface. When fly fishing, you need some experience, knowledge, skills, and art.

Tackle for fly fishing

A rod should be selected carefully to ensure convenience while fishing. A good rod will allow you to control the process of casting fly lure and its direction, you can strike fish in time, manage cord well and control its tension. Having a «wrong» rod, it will be much harder not to weaken a cord even for a second. When buying a rod, you need to decide exactly fish of what size you will catch in order to choose the right rod as it is an essential element.

The rod for fly fishing should be from 2.3 up to 3 meters. The size of a rod depends on the size of the fish. Accordingly, for the big fish, the rod is longer (especially when fishing for salmon). For convenient transportation, a rod should be disassembled into 2-3 pieces. Inserts in modern rods are mainly made of fiber glass — this improves its flexibility and efficiency. Telescopic rods are most convenient for transportation, but less solid for fly fishing.

Weight of rods plays an equally important role. Muscles of the body and arms of anglers get tired when casting a lot. New technologies allow to produce rods of lighter materials than before. Now the rod weighs only 64 g, and its functions and features are even better than those of the former global brands which weighed about 230 g.

The rod handle is an important component, in some models it makes up to 10% of the length. It is made of cork, and in cheap models — of plastic. At the end of the rod handle, there are coil holders, thereby the center of gravity shifts and this leads to less load on an arm. The ring undergoes the biggest load and is being erased with a cord, it is located on the edge of the rod. In the ring they place an insert made of agate or sintered carbides to prevent premature wear of the ring. This factor does not affect the price of the rod.

Based on all the abovementioned, inference should be drawn that the control of the cord, quality and accuracy of casting and fish playing are the most important factors that you should pay attention to when choosing the rod for fly fishing.


When fly fishing, an angler tries to hide from the fish. His rod is bent, and he does not seem to participate in this process. Basically, his right hand, which he holds the rod with, moves.

One must gradually approach to tactics of rod casting. It is necessary to study not only the gestures, but also the nature and it makes it really challenging. Start preparation for casting with proper grip of handle of fly fishing rod. There are several ways to grip, but they often use the grip when the thumb is located on top of the handle. If the rod is fairly easy, then it is possible that the index finger is placed on top of the handle. The cord is usually fixed in the left hand.

Ways of placement of cord in hand

Then you need to master blank casting. Blank casting is rhythmic strokes of the rod back and forth when fly fishing cord spins in the air but does not fall down. At this time, the angler can change the working length of the cord, increasing or decreasing it, as well as determine the direction of stroke (placing the artificial fly in the point intended). When fishing on the «dry» artificial fly, blank casting is performed in order to make it dry.

Making blank casting, the fisherman practices the right way of casting, trying to withstand the pauses between strokes, develops movements with his left hand. It is important that at this stage the practitioner has mastered the principles of controlling the loop which is constituted by the cord when stroking. This will subsequently facilitate the solution of many problems that arise on the water. Casting the fly fishing rods can be explored rather quickly by practicing on land.


When fly fishing, the artificial fly should be lowered to the water quietly, it should touch water like a living insect. For this purpose, the artificial fly should be sent to a desired point, which should be slightly above the actual one. In this direction the cord is cast and the fly is quietly lowered to the water surface. To accomplish that the fly moves in the water, they use techniques to shorten the cord.

Fish striking and playing

In order to perform striking, the rod should be raised slightly upward. Sometimes the signal can be a splash of fish, but mostly it is an invisible cord stop and an imperceptible movement of fish near the bait. You must remember that the further is your casting, the harder it will be to watch the bite and make striking.
Playing is the last and most crucial phase of fishing. The main thing is not to accelerate events. There are cases when the slowness, on the contrary, leads to failure but it happens more rarely. When the fish is exhausted, only then you should drag it to yourself. Thus, the rod should be kept in an upright position. When playing the big fish, you should act not with a coil but with a rod.

Fly lure

Fly lure is the most accurate copy of all artificial baits, natural fish food. For fly fishing beginners, choosing the right fly lure is a complicated task.
For fishing in still water they use such kinds of fly lure: dry, wet and streamers. Dry artificial flies act as an imitation of insects, they are intended for fishing on the water surface or in the water. Wet artificial flies are used in the near-surface layer, at a depth of 1 meter. Streamers are used when fishing throughout the entire water column.

Fly fishing: tips and tricks

Even trifles are important during fly fishing. Dry artificial flies will float in the water for a long time only if they are covered with fat or floton before fishing.

If fishing occurs from steep shore or in the water, you need a landing net, it is better if it can be fixed to the belt of a fisherman. It is complicated for inexperienced angler to take fish with his hand.

Dry artificial fly can get wet, so we recommend using a sponge. If you press the sponge to artificial fly, then all the moisture will be absorbed into the sponge, and artificial fly will become dry.

In his pocket, a fisherman should always keep a clasp knife that will help cut the tackle if it is tangled or cut an extra piece of fishing line when putting the bait on.
When fly fishing, a cord can slide badly. Then it must be cleaned. You can buy a special cleaner in any fishing store. Apply it to a cloth and then clean the entire length of the cord.

If the bite occurs on one particular artificial fly, then it is worth taking a few such artificial flies.
If you want to release the fish into the water after its catch, you must do it as soon as possible. The fish should be kept with its head against the flow for a while, fresh water must pass through its gills. The fish should be kept until it starts to spin in the hands and swim independently.


In conclusion, I would like to add that experts believe fly fishing is a promising activity. Fly fishing is as exciting as other types of fishing, and in some cases even more exciting. Fly fishing is not a multi-purpose way to catch fish, it’s just one of the variety, and it can be selected under ideal conditions for its application. This type of fishing requires special skills and knowledge. As a result of its use, you will gain more experience, which, believe me, will help achieve the desired success in fishing.

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