Do you want to learn more about crappies and crappie fishing? Welcome to this section on helpful tips, guidelines and strategies that will provide you with a great chance to improve your knowledge and skills. The good news is that this information can help both newbies and experienced fishers, and that’s because they can learn more about crappies while understanding what they do and why it happens. Find out more about crappie fishing tips and techniques, facts and records because they can help your fishing game!
Basic Facts about Crappies
For fishing fans, crappies are native to North America, and they are available in 2 types: white (pomoxis annularis) and black (pomoxis nicromaculatus). They are very popular among fishers who do their best to catch them in freshwaters. Before getting started, you should know that crappies prefer highly vegetated and moderately acidic habitat. When it comes to juveniles, they feed on microscopic prey, such as daphnia, but when they mature, crappies start feeding on different aquatic insects and minnows.
They are schooling fishes and can school with other species, but crappies mostly prefer underwater structures, such as weed beds, fallen trees and so on. When fishing for crappie you should remember that they prefer to stay deep underwater during the day and move to the shore at dawn and dusk when feeding. However, you can easily find them in shallow waters during their spawning period. If you prefer winter fishing, crappies don’t go into any semi-hibernation, and this is what makes them number one target of anglers. Moreover, most of them agree that winter is the best time to fish for crappie species. Don’t forget that both black and white types can have color variations because this trait is affected by their habitat, local breeding fishes and age.
Best Way to Catch Crappie Fish
When browsing the Internet, most likely you’ll look for helpful lake fishing tips and techniques. Here you can find the most effective tips and tricks. Most of them came from experienced anglers, and the best ones are listed below. If you know any fishing secret, feel free to share it with others in specific blogs and forums too.
1. The best crappie bait that really works. Pay attention to small jigs because they work the best, especially if they are 1/8 ounce. For example, you should try minnow and spinner baits to get incredible results at once.
2. Using the right fishing knots. When trying to catch crappies with a jig, make sure you use a loop knot as well because it will let your jig move freely. Another great thing is that this knot allows for a subtle movement, which is quite enticing if you do it vertically to a crappie.
3. As you already know, the best bait for crappie fishing is a small jig. What about a live bait rig? Focus on using such tools as a small split shot, slip bobber, live minor and #6 hook. For instance, a slip bobber is easily adjustable to any depth, and you don’t need to sacrifice any casting ability. It’s advisable to hook a minnow either behind your top dorsal fin or through both lips, and you are ready to catch crappies!
4. Choose the right depth. Take into consideration the fact that this fish can be found anywhere between 3 and 6 feet of water, but it moves to deeper areas in summer to come out to the surface to feed at dawn and dusk.
5. Keep your line always tight. Crappies have a soft lip, and this means they tear easily and can shake a hook if your line is not tight enough. The good news is that keeping it tight is not a complicated task because this fish can put up a good fight.
6. Be patient and calm. It’s one of the most powerful freshwater fishing tips and tricks, but many anglers miss it out. Crappies can give you more action if you use your jig (or minor) steadily and slowly. You need to avoid retrieving a cast too fast because you’re going to lose. When you don’t get any action, but you know that crappies are somewhere around, just slow down to catch them!
7. Have an updated topographic map at hand. The right depth is important to succeed when fishing for crappies, and that’s why you should take and use this map. Make sure it at least contains local depths and sunken structures, such as fish beds. By the way, you can easily find one on the Internet.
What about Fishing Records?
There is a special list of world record crappies caught by anglers, and this information is provided by the International Game Fish Association (IGFA). These records keep changing, but it doesn’t happen often. Perhaps, you are the next angler who will succeed to put his name on this list after using the tips and strategies on how to catch crappie fish provided in this article!
• Fred Bright. He caught a white crappie that weighed around 5 lbs. in Mississippi, the USA, almost 60 years ago.
• John R. Hortsman. This angler caught a black crappie that weighed 5 lbs. in one private lake in Missouri, the USA, 9 years ago.
Interesting Crappie Facts That Can Help You
Why do you need to know them? They are important to get a better understanding of this famous game fish, so learn them to get a clearer idea of what to expect when fishing for crappies.
1. The well-known scientific name of crappies is pomoxis nigromaculatis (for black species) and pomoxis annularis (for their white type).
2. There are different nicknames used by anglers, and the most popular ones include speck, papermouth, speckled perch and some others.
3. The average lifespan of this fish is 12 years in captivity and 10 years in the wild.
4. Its length is up to 19’’ for black crappies and 20’’ for white ones.
5. Its weight can reach 5 pounds, but the average one is a quarter to a half pound.
6. Crappies live in North America.
7. Their spawning water temperature: for black crappies – up to 64 degrees, for while crappies – up to 65 degrees.
What Is the Best Time to Catch Crappie?
It’s possible to fish for crappies anytime you want, but many expert anglers will advise you to do it at night, especially if you want to get the most from your fishing experience. There are different reasons why this period is much better than others because of the following:
• The main one is that crappies use it to feed. Just imagine them looking for food and being eager to take your bait, because you won’t see the same during the day.
• Water is much calmer at night, and it’s another reason why crappie fishing is better at night. This also means you won’t have to deal with endless disturbances, unlike the day time. There is less noise and fewer people around you, so crappies are not afraid to come closer.
• The temperature is cooler, and this is what gives you an incredible chance to catch a larger fish and more crappies than during any other period.
However, you need to understand that fishing at night is different from catching crappies during the day, so make sure you are prepared and well-equipped. Take the necessary precautions to be on the safe side and use specific techniques and crappie fishing lures to succeed. You won’t be able to see when crappies bite, so you have to rely on your equipment, otherwise, you’ll miss out your chance to catch them. Try to use fluorescent lines and floats because they work great at night!